Reductive Stress

CD38 links obesity, bacterial-induced inflammation, and reductive stress

The idea of this series is that the underlying condition that drives obesity forward is reductive stress, as defined by the NAD+/NADH ratio being too low (not enough NAD+).  CD38 is a membrane bound enzyme, expressed in most tissues, that increases throughout life, steadily reducing NAD+ levels​1​.  It is the body’s “primary NADase”, the main …

CD38 links obesity, bacterial-induced inflammation, and reductive stress Read More »

The Pro-oxidant Alpha Lipoic Acid makes you lean, Antioxidants make you fat (sometimes)

The WebMD entry on alpha lipoic acid (ALA) begins with, “Alpha-lipoic acid is an antioxidant”.  ALA can in certain situations act as an antioxidant, but in general it does not act as an antioxidant.  If you read my article about antioxidants you’ll know that in a redox reaction, when one thing in a reaction is …

The Pro-oxidant Alpha Lipoic Acid makes you lean, Antioxidants make you fat (sometimes) Read More »

Reductive Stress Causes Oxidative Stress: Antioxidants, Oxidative Stress and Reductive Stress

Introduction This is the second article in my series about reductive stress. Check out the intro. The terms oxidative stress and antioxidant have been thrown around a lot in recent decades, often without a clear understanding of their true nature.  Oxidative stress is caused by an overproduction of superoxide and hydrogen peroxide or by a …

Reductive Stress Causes Oxidative Stress: Antioxidants, Oxidative Stress and Reductive Stress Read More »

PUFA Induced Reductive Stress as a Unifying Mechanism in Obesity

I recently had an informal debate with someone who believes that obesity is caused simply by consuming more calories than you burn.  In his mind, the obesity epidemic started because our modern processed food is too palatable, it overwhelms our hypothalamus and causes us to overeat.  When I asked how that fact that dioxins – …

PUFA Induced Reductive Stress as a Unifying Mechanism in Obesity Read More »